Alcoholism|Binge Drinking|Alcohol Recovery


In our time, there is an acute problem of drinking alcoholPeople of various ages and professions become victims of alcohol. A small amount of alcohol can hardly cause serious harm to the human body, while its excessive use threatens the health of society and the younger generations. 

Toxicity Problem by Binge Drinking

Binge Drinking the consumption of an excessive amount of alcohol in a short period of time. Any alcohol, whether it is cheap wine or expensive brandy, our body perceives as a toxin and tries to get rid of it faster. It’s all about acetaldehyde, one of the decay products of ethyl alcohol. Substandard spirits, in addition to acetaldehyde, contain fusel oils, which several times increase the toxicity of the alcoholic drink. 
Once in the blood, alcohol spreads through all the systems and organs of the human body. Immediately after alcohol enters the body, the process of its elimination begins. 
Alcoholism|Binge Drinking|Alcohol Recovery

From 2 to 10% of alcohol is excreted from the body along with air, sweat, saliva, urine, and feces. It takes from 7 to 12 hours. The remaining 92-98% of alcohol is oxidized inside the body to carbon dioxide and water.

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First of all, the liver suffers from alcohol. The decay products of ethyl alcohol, passing through the liver, destroy its cells. At the same time, the body breaks down metabolic functions, the liver loses its ability to preserve vitamin A, it gradually decreases in size and shrinks due to the narrowing of blood vessels in which blood stagnates, the pressure inside the liver rises. In the worst case, rupture of the vessels occurs, as a result of which a person may die.

Effect on the stomach and pancreas

The stronger the alcohol, the stronger its effect on the digestive system. Getting into the stomach, alcohol has a suppressive effect on the secretion of pancreatic enzymes. These enzymes promote digestion, splitting nutrients into molecules that are suitable for feeding the body’s cells. 
Because of the use of alcoholic beverages (especially strong ones), the cells of the inner surface of the pancreas and stomach are damaged, and the absorption of nutrients, such as glucose, sodium, folic acid salts, etc., is inhibited.
Alcohol causes atrophy of the glands responsible for the production of gastric juice, which is in the walls of the stomach. The digestive process deteriorates, food stagnates and goes undigested into the intestine. As a result, gastritis occurs, the risk of stomach cancer increases. 
Cell death in the pancreas, caused by regular drinking, causes diabetes because these cells are responsible for insulin production.

Changes in the body under the influence of alcohol

  • 1. In addition to toxic effects on the body, ethyl alcohol causes various functional and biochemical changes. Ethanol, being a natural psychoactive substance, has a depressing effect on the central nervous system. It has a high psychoactive effect, while its degree of toxicity is low. As a result of the use of ethanol-containing drinks, there is a decrease in the rate of reaction and attention, a violation of coordination and movements.
  • 2. In people who consume alcohol (even in moderation), the likelihood of developing breast and gastrointestinal cancers is increased by 40% compared to non-drinkers.
  • 3. On the other hand, alcohol in small doses improves insulin sensitivity, thereby reducing the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • 4. Alcohol consumption by a woman during pregnancy can negatively affect the fetus, which after birth will be expressed in various aspects of the personality: physiological, cognitive, behavioral. Such children often suffer from defects in the development of external organs, they grow more slowly than healthy children. Their brain may have a smaller volume. Abnormalities in the behavior of children with fetal (fetal) alcohol syndrome are explained by insufficient functioning of the neural cells of the brain.
  • 5. When alcohol is consumed for a long time, the likelihood of disturbed brain activity due to damage to brain cells increases. The result of such violations can be as alcohol intake, and the consequences of its reception, which cause these violations. For example, people suffering from alcoholism lack the body of thiamine (vitamin B1), a trace element that is essential in the functioning of all organs of the body, including the brain.
  • 6. Alcohol consumption causes memory disorders, even after a small dose of alcohol. The degree of these violations is directly proportional to the amount drunk. The more drunk, the more memory lapses.
  • 7. Alcohol becomes a cause of clouding of consciousness during the period when a person is under its influence. The reaction to what is happening around changes, a person is not able to adequately perceive the speech of other people and their actions.
  • 8. Alcohol is very high in calories. The energy value of the drink depends on its strength: the stronger, calorie. It is hard to get rid of the calories ingested with vodka, but carbohydrates of wine are easily split, which does not harm the appearance so much.

Beer is not alcohol? Is It a Myth?

A misconception is a view that beer is completely harmless and that it can not cause any harm to the body. Many agree with this because beer is considered a low-alcohol beverage. Beer does contain a small amount of alcohol, but this does not mean its harmlessness.
Firstly, beer is addictive, because it is still alcohol. No wonder that recently the expression “beer alcoholism” has appeared.
Secondly, beer adversely affects the heart and liver, impairing their functionality. The use of large amounts of liquid (beer is usually drunk in much larger quantities than strong alcoholic beverages) affects the work of the kidneys and the cardiovascular system. When drinking large amounts of beer, the borders of the heart expand, an increase in the heart rate, an increase in blood pressure, and arrhythmias are observed.

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